(Population 810,000) is the capital city
of Pakistan, located in the north-east of the country.
Situated at the edge of the Potohar plateau,
south of the Margalla hills. The modern capital Islamabad
and the ancient city of Rawalpindi stand side by side, displaying
the country’s past and present.
For sightseeing, the views from the sculpted
gardens of Islamabad's Shakparian Hill, the fascinating Heritage
Museum and huge marble Shah Faisal Mosque are highlights of
the modern city. To the west of Islamabad is the Buddhist
site of Taxila, dating from 500BC. The sculptures show a strong
Greek influence, a result of Alexander the Great's journey
through the region.The commercial center of the city is known
as the Blue Area running along the length of Jinnah Avenue.
Its eastern end runs into Parliament Road, where the majority
of government buildings are located.
The city is very green, with much afforestation
of what was formerly scrub forest and open ground. The city's
climate has enabled many exotic plants to be introduced to
the area. There is also much wildlife in the north in the
Margallas, which have been turned into a national park.