The National Emblem of Pakistan was adopted
in 1954 upon approval by the government. The emblem is usually
colored green, and that with the addition of the crescent
and star at the top represent the Islamic majority religion
In the center of the emblem is a shield that represents agriculture
through a portrayal of the four major crops of Pakistan at
the time of its adoption: cotton, jute, tea, and wheat.
The floral wreath around the shield is representitive of the
history of Pakistan, as the wreath is a Mughal design.
Finally, the scroll at the bottom contains the national motto
of Pakistan in Urdu. The motto is a saying of Muhammad Ali
Jinnah, and reads from right to left Iman, Ittehad, Nazm which
is translated into "Unity, Faith, Discipline".
The National flag of Pakistan was designed
by Ameer-ud-Din Khidwai, and was adopted three days before
independence on August 11, 1947. The green section represents
Muslims, while the white section represents non-Muslim minorities.
The crescent represents progress; the star symbolizes light
A common apellation for the flag is subz hilali parcham (Urdu
for "green flag with the crescent").
From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia