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The National Emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954 upon approval by the government. The emblem is usually colored green, and that with the addition of the crescent and star at the top represent the Islamic majority religion of Pakistan.

In the center of the emblem is a shield that represents agriculture through a portrayal of the four major crops of Pakistan at the time of its adoption: cotton, jute, tea, and wheat.

The floral wreath around the shield is representitive of the history of Pakistan, as the wreath is a Mughal design.

Finally, the scroll at the bottom contains the national motto of Pakistan in Urdu. The motto is a saying of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and reads from right to left Iman, Ittehad, Nazm which is translated into "Unity, Faith, Discipline".


The National flag of Pakistan was designed by Ameer-ud-Din Khidwai, and was adopted three days before independence on August 11, 1947. The green section represents Muslims, while the white section represents non-Muslim minorities. The crescent represents progress; the star symbolizes light and knowledge.

A common apellation for the flag is subz hilali parcham (Urdu for "green flag with the crescent").

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia